Rainfall-induced Failures of Residual Soil Slopes with Spatial Variability of Hydraulic Conductivity

Muhamad Suradi

Abstract


The aim of this paper was to examine the effect of spatial variability of hydraulic conductivity, commonly existing in nature, on rainfall-induced failures of residual soil slopes. Parametric study was carried out at typically residual soil slopes with two distinctively different types of hydraulic conductivity, high (ks=10-4 m/s) and low (ks=10-6 m/s) conductivity, in Singapore. Finite element method was applied in this slope stability analysis using commercial SVFlux and SVSlope software in a couple manner. Rainfall intensity was varied as a fraction of the hydraulic conductivity. As a result, greater spatial variability of saturated hydraulic conductivity affects more noticeably the instability of both high and low-conductivity soil slopes exposed to high-rainfall intensity (I > 0.05 ks for high-conductivity slopes and I >1 ks for low- conductivity slopes). However, there was a negligible effect of spatial variability of hydraulic conductivity on the instability of slopes subjected to low-rainfall intensity, even this spatial variability tended to slightly increase the stability of high-conductivity slopes.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31963/intek.v3i1.7

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